The one which decreases with dilution isA Molar conductanceB ConductanceC. Specific conductanceD. None of these

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Conductivity or specific conductance of an electrolyte solution is a measure of its ability to conduct electricity. As we know that, conductance of ions is due to the presence of ions in the solution. As with dilution, more ions are produced in solution the one which decreases with dilution is so conductance increases on dilution. Are solutions of known concentration that are prepared by the pharmacist or technician for convenience in dispensing. They are usually strong solutions from which weaker ones may be made conveniently.

In other words, if the amount of active ingredient remains the same and the volume gets larger, the concentration gets smaller. Likewise, if the amount of active ingredient remains the same and the volume gets smaller, the concentration increases. Specific conductance is the conductivity of all ions present in 1 cm3of a solution. When the solution is diluted the number of ions present in 1cm3of solution decrease and as a result specific conductance decreases.

the one which decreases with dilution is

For a long jump, exerting energy in the right direction is required to deliver the best output. Let’s explore what affects the rate of reaction in this video. Free energy is used to determine how systems change and how much work they can produce.


Upon diluting the solution, the concentration of ions per centimetre cube decreases and therefore, the specific conductivity decreases but molar conductivity increases. As we increase the dilution, volume containing one mole of electrolyte increases. This increase in volume on dilution is much more than a decrease in specific conductivity.

  • When correctly prepared, these solutions enable the pharmacist to obtain small quantities of medicinal substances that are to be dispensed in solution.
  • Molar conductance is when one mole of salt is added to form the unit volume of solution.
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  • While in the case of strong electrolytes (e.g. HCl) equivalent conductivity increases slowly with dilution.

Is defined as the conductance of one unit volume of solution kept between two platinum electrodes with a unit area of cross-section and at a distance of unit length. Weak electrolytes dissociate partially in concentrated solution. On dilution, their degree of dissociation increases hence, their Λm increases sharply. The equivalent conductivity at infinite dilution is known as the limiting equivalent conductivity (Λo).

What Changes the Rate of Reaction?

For most situations the student technician is encouraged to use the formula method of solving these dilution and concentration problems. In the formula method the second quantity and second concentration are always that of the final product, not of the active ingredient or diluent. Determine the percent strength and ratio strength of a given product when the active ingredient remains constant and the amount of diluent is increased or decreased. The specific conductivity decreases while equivalent and molar conductivities increase with dilution.

The weak electrolytes dissociate to a much lesser extent as compared to strrong electrolytes. Therefore, the molar conductivity is low as compare of strong electrolytes. Molar conductivity also increases with dilution as it depends on the product of conductivity and the volume of solution containing one mole of electrolyte. The conductance of electricity by ions present in the solutions is called electrolytic or ionic conductance. The following factors govern the flow of electricity through a solution of electrolyte.

Stock solutions usually are prepared on a weight-in-volume basis, and their concentration is expressed as a ratio strength or less frequently as a percentage strength. Define conductivity and molar conductivity of the solution of an electrolyte. Thus, measuring the molar conductance at any concentration (Λc ) helps to calculate degree of dissociation (α) if is known. With the increase in dilution, the conductance increases and at infinite dilution, the electrolyte is completely dissociated so that degree of dissociation becomes one i.e.

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the one which decreases with dilution is

It can be defined as the external work expended per unit of charge to produce an electric potential difference thereby causing the current to flow in the circuit. Conductivity is the conductance of a one-centimeter cube of the solution. However, the variation of Λm with C½ is very large and so much so that we cannot obtain molar conductance at infinite dilution ( Λm°) by extrapolation of Λm versus C½ plots. The rate law can be integrated to obtain an integrated rate equation that links concentrations of reactants or products with time directly.

Let’s learn how free energy changes with respect to electrical work a… Give the chemical equation that represents the reduction of liquid waterH2Oat the platinum anode. It is conducting power of one equivalent of electrolyte placed between two large electrodes at one centimeter apart. It is the reciprocal of resistance and may be defined as the ease with which the electric current flows through a conductor. A solution of potassium permanganate is prepared by dissolving 16 tablets of 0.2 g in enough purified water to make 1600 mL.

Class 11 NCERT Psychology Solutions

With dilution, the ions become far apart from one another and interionic forces decrease. Both specific conductance or conductivity and molar conductivity change with concentration of the electrolyte. Always decreases with the decrease in concentration of the electrolyte i.e., on dilution. This pattern is seen because the number of ions per unit volume that carry the current in the solution decreases on dilution.

A diluent most often has no drug substance in it; examples are sterile water and petrolatum. Use the alligation methods to determine the percent strength of alcohol mixtures. Zinc will get dissolved in CuSO4 solution, since zinc is more reactive than copper. According to Ohm’s law, the resistance offered by a substance is directly proportional to its length , but inversely proportional to its cross sectional area . Volt can be formally defined as the ratio of energy in joules to the charge in coulombs. Hence some amount of work has to be done against this force to bring the charged particle to a certain point in an electric field.

Now for electrolytic solution, we have free ions in the solution that move towards the electrodes, once it is connected across a closed circuit, and exchange electrons. Water in itself is not a good conductor but with salts in it, the dissociated ions make the salt solution conducting. It has been found that the decrease in on dilution of a solution is more than compensated by increases in its volume. Where v is the volume of solution in cm3 containing 1 equivalent of electrolyte and N is normality. Hence, the conductivity of an electrolytic solution may be defined as the conductance of a solution of 1 cm length with the area of cross-section equal to 1 cm2. Determine the volume of solution of a desired strength given a specified quantity of any given strength.

Equivalent conductance

If a cup of coffee is too strong for a person’s taste, the person may add water to dilute it. Dilution of a solid or liquid does not entail adding more drug. Therefore, the amount of drug in the diluted product is the same; only the volume is larger. A substance added to a pharmaceutical product to reduce its strength, or dilute it.

Class 11 NCERT Hindi Solutions

In the case of methylamine electron donating methyl group increases the electron density at nitrogen and therefore it is basic than ammonia. In a unit cell of NaCl, 12 Na+ions are present at the edge centre and one at the body centre. Explain the mechanism for the reaction of primary alkyl chloride with aqueous potassium hydroxide. The difference of Λ° of different pairs of electrolytes having a common cation or a common anion was almost same.

The molar conductivity of the solution increases with the decrease in concentration of the electrolyte. This is because both the number of ions as well as mobility of ions increase with dilution. Conductivity decreases with decrease in concentration as the number of ions per unit volume that carry the current in asolution decrease on dilution. Molar conductivity increases with decrease in concentration as the total volume, V, ofsolution containing one mole of electrolytealso increases. Conductivity decreases with the decrease in concentration, this is because the number of ions per unit volume that carry the current in the solution decreases on dilution.

One ampere is defined as 1 coulomb of electricity transferred in one second. Define the following terms i) Molar conductivity ii) Secondary batteries iii) Fuel cell … 2 moles of an ideal gas at 27°C expand reversibly from 2 litres to 20 litres. Aniline is a weaker base than ammonia whereas methyl amine is a stronger base than ammonia.